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Scufl2 has moved to Apache (incubator) 

Information in this section is out of date!



SCUFL2 is the proposed new mechanism for specifying Taverna workflows. SCUFL2 defines a model, a workflow bundle file format (.wfbundle), and a Java API for working with workflow structures. SCUFL2 is the workflow language for Taverna 3, and replaces Taverna 2's t2flow




SCUFL2 is the proposed new mechanism for specifying Taverna workflows. SCUFL2 adopts Linked Data technology and preservation methodologies to create a platform-independent workflow language that can be inspected, modified, created and executed.

SCUFL2 comes with a Java API that can be used for programmatic access to read and write SCUFL2 workflow bundles. A workflow bundle is a structured ZIP file with the workflow definitions included as XML documents. Those workflow documents are described by an XML Schema and are also valid RDF/XML. The XML Schema allows tools to read and write SCUFL2 workflow definitions as regular structured XML. The RDF allows RDF-enabled tools to link workflow definitions with external resources.

The workflow structure is defined using an OWL ontology and annotated with URIs so that third parties can form semantic statements about any component of a Scufl2 workflow, for example to state that a particular service produces outputs of a certain type, or that a data link was added by a specific researcher.

Semantic annotations and a manifest for the bundle declare the purpose of, and links between the different components forming a workflow. This allows third parties to extract and append annotations about data and services used by the workflow.


The t2flow serialization format suffers from being very close to the Java object model, and contains various items that are simply Java beans serialized using XMLBeans. As the t2flow format is very verbose, it can be difficult to deal with for third party software to do inspection ("Which services does this workflow use?"), modification ("Change all calls to to") and generation ("Build a custom workflow from a button").


We have therefore decided to form a new serialisation format for workflows, called SCUFL2.



titlePreliminary work

This page reflect preliminary work, and these specifications are not yet at alpha level. Do not write any applications assuming the SCUFL2 format will stay as discussed on this page.

The code and definitions for SCUFL2 are kept in GitHub. Rough overview:

  • scufl2-api Java Beans for SCUFL2 objects (and currently XML import/export)
  • scufl2-t2flow .t2flow import (and later export)
  • scufl2-rdf RDF export (and later import)
  • scufl2-usecases Example code covering SCUFL2 use cases  

Here is an attempt at demonstrating the new proposed XML syntax for Scufl2: as.scufl2.xml - a translation of as.t2flow

Specification of identifiers in Taverna URI templates.

SCUFL2 consists of: